Mirror of Public Opinion.

A Modern Bill of Rights: Editorial. A Tree Grows in Washington: Soldier's View of Postwar Germany:






y Post-

Department Store Section Everyday Magazine Drama-Radio

er ee ee:

ese eS

Comics, 2 Sections—~ -—— & Part 2— 4 { Part 6— 8

Editorial—— Part 4— 4 Financial News, Part 1--Page 12

Dispatch—80 Pages Today Sections Pages

Main News Part i—16 Sports

“Pictures” ~— —I12

Real Estate Want Ads Part 3-16

Society Part 5~12



Vol. 96. No. 133.

(66th Year).






12 Major ‘Line’ Offices Established by Secre- tary Along With Two Committees.


Top Men Relieved of Of- fice Duties to Concen- trate on Victory and a Secure Peace.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 15 (AP).—


‘Marshal Field’ Amendment Limits Deduc- tions to $20,000 After Five Consecutive Unprofitable Years.

| WASHINGTON, Jan. 15 (AP).— Working through a maze of tech- ‘nical language, the Senate wrote ‘into the new revenue bill today an amendment fixing tax penalties against individuals who operate

“hobby” enterprises such as race horse stables at a loss for five consecutive years.

Characterized' as the “Marshall 'Field” amendment by Senator Clark (Dem.), Missouri, the pro- posal was adopted on a 37-to-26 vote affirming its previous ap- | proval by the Finance Committee. The action cleared away another |barrier to final disposal of the tax bill some time next week. | Still in issue was a House provi- sion requiring labor unions to file financial returna,

Led by Majority Leader Bark- ley, opponents charged the “hobby-loss” amendment, which still is subject to House action, would place an unfair tax on in-

A “far-reaching” reorganization of | dividuals who entered businesses


in which losses must be absorbed in the early years in order to lay the foundation for later profits.

As approved by the Senate, the amendment would limit to $20,000 the amount of loss which would be deducted in ore year for an enterprise, if there had been no profit for five years. Thus, if the actual loss in 1944 was $50,000, only $20,000 could be charged off. in balancing against other in- come.

Barkley told his colleagues that the amendment not only would affect such men as racing. stable owners but everybody. ;

Clark said he had voted for the amendment in committee “in the belief that it would curb some of his (Field’s) activities,” adding the charge that Field had started unprofitable newspapers to reduce his tax liabilities. (Field publishes PM in New York and the Chicago Sun.)

Senator Danaher (Rep.), Con-



Minimum Needed for In- terest on National Debt and Full ‘Employment, He Asserts.




Group of Farmers in Arrest Protest



Charges Certain Big

Businessmen Hope to Resume Dealings With German Trusts.

NEW YORK, Jan. 15 (AP).—

Continued on Page 13, Column 3.

the State Department, designed to

prepare it for the responsibilities ahead in winning the war and making a secure peace, was pro- mulgated tonight in a depart- mental order by Secretary Hull. Top officers of the department are to be relieved of administra-

tive duties to some extent in order to concentrate on vital world af- fairs, the department announced, while new divisions are created to deal with new problems of inter- national nature which arise from this country’e weightier world role.

Overlapping jurisdiction is elim- inated and clearer lines of respon- sibility established through a re- grouping of functions, the depart- ment said.

The work of high departmental officers is to be co-ordinated more closely through two new commit- tees on Which Hull will serve as chairman.

The first, on foreign policy, will concern itself with the full scope of American international rela- tions,

The. second, a committee on postwar program, will formulate and submit to the President rec- ommendations on postwar foreign policy. Leo Pasvolsky, Hull's ad- viser on postwar planning, is named executive officer of this committee, ° 3

Advisory Council Created.

Hull also created an advisory council on postwar foreign policy to which he has already named Norman H. Davis, chairman of the American Red Cross, Ambas-

sador Myron C. Taylor, and Dr..

Isiah Bowman, president of Johns Hopkins University.

The assistant secretaries, as well as the legal adviser, are as- signed apecific fields of activity.

Twelve new major “line” offices | been established to permit.

have “more flexible and efficient ad- justment of the department's functions to rapidly changing con- ditions.”

Of these, four are geographic area offices dealing respectively with Europe, Far East, Near East and Africa, and the American Re- publics.

These will be charged with the co-ordination of all aspects of American relations with the coun- tries in their respective areas and not exclusively with political re- lations as has been the tendency during the past few years, the de- partment stated.

An office of wartime economic affairs has been set up to main- tain liaison with all war agencies concerned.

Ita commodities division, for in- stance, will be responsible for the

policy aspects of the production, | control and distribution in inter-|

national commerce of such major

commodities as rubber, tin, heavy.

metals, petroleum - products, cof-

fee, wheat and cotton. The former division of interna-

Continued on Page 7, Column 4.

| Slightly Colder |

RES m.



= 7 e@e es ~ > bab

w Ww SOK wu

et “wo ~OOm-~1@


ll p. m. e: 12 midnight *3

) = 3

4 m 434

eindicates street reading.

orma!l maximum is date, 38; nor- mal minimum, 23

Official for e- east for St. Louis and vicinity: Fair, slightly colder today and tonight.

Missouri: Fair, slightly colder in north portion; fair tonight and slightly colder.

Illinois: Partly cloudy to cloudy today and _ to- night; colder to- night, and in north and cen- tra] portions to- day.

Sunset, 6:04; sunrise (tomor- row), 8:18.

Stage of the Mississippi at St. no change; the Charles, 7.8 feét,

(All weather data, inckiding forecast

temperatures, except temperatures

after 5 p. m., supplied by United States Weather Bureau.)



Louls, 0.4 feet; Missouri at St. a rise of 0.1,

*| tion,


' '


U. S. Finds Firms Ready to Go More Than Half Way on Contract Re- negotiations, _

A St. Louls firm producing 1000- pound demolition bombs, through a series of voluntary price reduc- tions, has cut its sale price by at least one-third, and in addition

has voluntarily refunded the Gov- ernment about three million dol- lars in excessive profits,

The head of another firm en-

gaged in war production agreed to renegotiation of one contract and, when the Government sub- sequently ordered a change in product requiring additional. ma- chining, declined to ask for a higher price because he felt the company was making sufficient profit already. A smal] subcontractor who had retired, but reopened his business ‘after Pearl Harbor presented to ‘the Government a check for $15,- 000, representing profits to which ihe felt he was not entitled,

These cases are cited by price adjustment experts of the St. Louis Ordnance District as evi- dence that industry generally rec- ognizes the need for renegotiation of war contracts and. wishes to avoid the stigma of war profiteer- ing. : 7 Renegotiation is a formidable word with disturbing implications, but many manufacturers have found their initial fears of pric adjustment’ unfounded. '

“Some contractors who didn't

all were most agreeably surprised when they found themselves deal- ing with business men who recog- nized their problems, were thoroughly sympathetic, and worked out price readjustments which proved very equitable,” Col. R. W. Coward, executive officer of the Ordnance District, declared. “On the other hand, some con- tractors realized the need for re- negotiation from the start and needed no persuading. They rec- ognized the menace of: profiteer- ing to the national economy and they were more than’ ready’ to ‘meet the Government half way.” | Easy to Run Up Profits. War contractors often find themselves making excessive prof- ‘its through no deliberate intent ‘on their part. Many weapons are new and manufacturers are re- quired to pioneer in their produc- Bases for judging costs and therefore are

estimating profits lacking. | Manufacturers frequently go to 'Government procurement agencies 'to report their profits are unex- |pectedly high and to make volun- ‘tary refunds and price reductions Maj. Harold R. Thielecke, district price adjustment expert, reported.

An example of voluntary refund was Western Cartridge Co.’s re-

Continued on Page 138, Column 2.

like the idea of renegotiation at.


150-Year-Old Pit to Be

Put to Work With Gov- ernment-Leased Equip- ment Worth Million.

The 150-year-old Iron Mountain mine in St. Francois County, Mis- | souri, which has not been‘ worked since 1930, will be back in major production by June on @ daily milling schedule’ of 1000 tons of iron-ore concentrate, the Post-Dis- patch learned yesterday.

Ore from the mine, about 70 miles south of St. Louis, will be smelted at the Koppers United Co. plant in Granite City, replac- ing ore now cofing from the Lake Superior region 750 miles distant, and thereby easing transpotration


|Vice President Wallace predicted today that a postwar national in- come of more than 130 billions would be needed to pay interest on the national debt and provide. full employment,

He said a 40-billion-dollar cur- tailment in war production was probable when the war in Europe ended, adding, “This would con- ceivably cost the jobs of more than 10 million men, unless plans are made,”

He said it was “commonly un- derstood” that Bernard Baruch

| would soon submit a report on the

subject to War Mobilization Direc- tor James Byrnes and that the re- port undoubtedly would contain suggestions as to how. the Govern- ment may help business finance its reconversion.

He coupled his predictions with an attack on “big business isola- tionists” who, -he said, hope to resume profitable relationships with German trusts after the war.

Speaking to 400 labor, political and liberal leaders at an employ- ment and regonversion conference

| the CIO’s Political Action Committee, Wallace said:



“I do not propose in this talk to say just what the Government ought to do with regard to past- war employment. But, I do say that, inasmuch as the Govern- ment had to take full responsi- bility for getting co-operation from all groups to convert our economy from peace to war, it will have to take equal responsi-


The ancient mine, discovered by early settlers in the late’ eighteenth century, is owned by M, A. Hanna Co. of Cleveland through its subsidiary, Ozark Ore) Co., also of Cleveland,

The Defense Plants Corporation | at Washington yesterday author- | ized a contract leasing to the Ozark company one -milllon dol-| lars in plant facilities and equip- | ment. However, H. L. Pierce of, Cleveland, vice-president of the | parent company, told the Post- Dispatch that construction and re- | habilitation work at he mine had)

bility for converting from war to

peace.” Estimate of Debt.

He said the postwar national debt load would be 200 billion dol- lars and that only through the maximum productive use of labor would the Government be able to keep up interest payments,

“This means a national income in excess of 130 billion dollars,” he added.


Last of Men Protesting Over Indictment in Negro Eviction Case Finally Make Bond.

By a Staff Correspondent of the Post-Dispatch,

POPLAR BLUFF, Mo., Jan, 15. —Fifty-five Butler County farm- ers ended their sojourn in jail and

“Some very large businessmen are making their plans on the! basis of a national income of only | 100 billion dollars. That is not)

went home this afternoon and evening, after they had spent last

night voluntarily behind bars, to

been under way for several weeks | enough to give full employment or|show how mad they were about

in expectation of the Government contract,

Pierce said about 150 construc- tion workers were now employed at Iron Moyntain. Between 100 and 150 men will be employed at the mine when production begins.

Although the reopening of the mine was prompted by the war- time need for steel, Pierce said present plans call for permanent operation, The mine was stripped during previous periods of opera- tion, During the next three to five years, Pierce said, operations will be limited to open-pit work with underground mining planne when the pit ore gives out. He estimated the life of the mine, after underground mining starts, at between 10 and 20 years.. The mine contains.the only substantial reserve of iron ore in Missouri, he said, . ,

_“Once actual production begins, that community can count on the mine as a stable industry for many years,” he said, adding that ap- proxtmately 300,000 tons of iron ore concentrate would be produced | at the mine plant each year. |

Title to the property, owned by the Hanna company through sub- sidiaries since 1926, dates back to | the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. During the Civil War the mine was worked vigorously... For sev- eral years at’ that time, 2000 la- borers were employed as shovelers at the mine. About 200 men were employed at the mine before. oper- ations ceased in the depression year of 1930.

Stravinsky Runs

el ok Law

In Playing Own Version of Anthem

BOSTON, Jan. 15 (AP).—Com- | poser Igor Stravinsky tonight was | informed that he had run afoul of |Massachusetts law when he con- |ducted the Boston Symphony Or- ‘chestra in his own arrangement of the Star-Spangled Banner. | The Russian-born musician startled a huge symphony hall au- 'dience yesterday by his unusual /arrangement. Tonight police in- \formed him that he was liable to a $100 fine under Massachusetts law which forbids rearrangement | of the National Anthem in whole or in part.

Boston © Police Commissioner | Thomas F. Sullivan and Police| Captain Thomas F. Harvey at) tended tonight’s concert after re-' ceiving complaints aroused by yesterday's program.

Stravinsky said that he was un- aware that he was in contraven- tion of Massachusetts law and) that hereafter he would be more. than glad to play the anthem in| its original form. Commissioner | Sullivan said that there would be no action by. Boston police.


YOUR SAVINGS EARN 2 ? mois the current rate i. a , Lous Fed- eral. $1 y grt account, St. Louls Federal Savings & Assn., 209 N. 8th. (Adv.)


to utilize the factory facilities| being indicte

which we shall have available or | to carry the national debt load easily.”

Regarding “big business isdla- tionists,” Wallace asserted:

“Some of these finance anti-| Semitic movements, Some organ- ize. hatred of the President and discord in the Democratic party. Others promote isolationism in the Republican party.

“One probable reason why some

of’ these wealthy isolationists so ‘strongly oppose the President and| M. L. Hogg busy attending to the

the kind of peace he stands for | may trace to the fact that, they) have had profitable relationships in the past and hope to renew them with the big German trusts. ““They believe in international corporations or cartels but they do not believe in any type of international government which prevent these cartels from prey- a ae the’ people of all lands.”

e. Vice-President said: the United States had done almost twice as good a job in stepping up

Continued on Page 7, Column 4.


Seventh Army Flyers Unable. to

leased before nightfall,

for driving four Negro workers, their wives and children, out of their all-white community some'13 miles south- east:of Poplar Bluff. -

All the indicted men had signed their own’ bonds and been re- though spokesmen announced, when they marched to jail yesterday, that they might remain incarcerated until the April term of Circuit Court, for which their cases were set. Instead, they kept Sheriff

bond-signing and other formalities of their release.

A érowd of relatives waited on the courthouse lawn to greet the defendants as they were released. The kinfolk brought baskets . of food and fruit:for the farm-own- ing prisoners, who had. subsisted overnight on such plebian jail fare as chili, minced ham and fried po- tatoes.

71 Under Indictment,

In all, 70 men and one youth were indicted for ejecting the Ne- groes, but only 55 spent the night in jail. All 71 persons were charged with illegal assembly to incite a riot, a misdemeanor, and their bonds were. set at $500 each. Five of the’ 71 were charged also with kidnaping,. a felony, and their bonds were set at $1000 each,

The indictment said the kidnap-

Explain How It Caught on Ship.

PEARL HARBOR, Jan. 15 (AP) —Seventh Army Air Force | bombers sank a medium cargo) ship at Wotje during a low-level attack Friday, the latest of four new raids on the Japanese-held Marshalls reported today by Adm, Chester W. Nimitz. .

A spokesman said one Army plane returned with a Japanese flag sticking to the fuselage. How the plane picked: up the Nipponese ensign—presumably it was from the flagpole or mast—could only be speculated. None of the flyers could say. |

The spokesman said that two other enemy ships caught off Wotje possibly were damaged. gy was no enemy intercep-


Steals Tire and Tube, Leaves $18. | YUMA, Ariz., Jan. 15 (AP).— A thief jacked up Bernard Bak- er’s automobile and took a tire . In the seat he left nine two-dollar bills; Baker admired) the honesty, but asked Sheriff T. H. Newman to please find the tire and tube.


game warden in his native Tensas par

Continued on Page 5, Colamn 3.


Group of farmers in Butler County Jail before their release on bond. Standing at right is oldest of the accused men, HENRY HANLEY, 72, of Broseley, wha was lodged in a hotel Friday night.


. s : DORK

Cnnewronine | epescc:

POOL ARM. eee ~— Ore

i i RR \ 4 Shy


—By a Post-Dispatch Staff Photographer


pers’ Appeal Cites» Danger of Allied Raids.




Moscow Tells of Enemy Counterattacks in Ukraine 3500 Nazis Killed There and in White Russia.


LONDON, Jan. 16 (Sunday) (AP)—Soviet mobile units in southern White Russian drove westward yesterday toward the old Polish border, 55 miles away, while Russian forces in the Ukraine killed 2000 Germans coun- terattacking against the Red Army threat to Rumania, Moscow dis- closed today.

Berlin reports, meanwhile, told of a major new Russian offensive near Leningrad and in two other northern sectors, reawakening that long inactive front.

The Berlin radio also broadcast a DNB dispatch early Sunday, saying that Soviet forces had

landed on the Kerch peninsula in the Eastern Crimea and captured “some of the heights” north of the

CTY WIT 2240

NEW YORK, Jan. 15 (AP).— The Berlin radio today broadcast an appeal by the French news- paper Le Petit Marseillais for al) women, children, sick and aged


persons to evacuate Marseille be- cause Of the growing danger of

Allied air attacks on French cities on the Mediterranean coast.

STOCKHOLM, Jan. 15 (AP).— The German-dominated Scandi- navian Telegraph Bureau said to- day there were reports in Oslo that 4000 persons had been evac- uated from Tromso, Norway, be- cause Of. a possibility of an Allied

sionary Raids on Ber- lin and Magdeburg 38 British Planes Lost. |

| |


invasion tn “thot eres. _ WHAT TO DO WITH HITLER


Force Him to Explain OPA Rules, Bostonian Suggests. HATTIESBURG, Miss., Jan. 15 (AP).—Suggestions in the Hatties- burg American’s What-to-Do-With- Hitler contest included: this one) from a Boston (Mass,) citizen: That Hitler be taken to Wash- ington and be forced to.read all the OPA rules, regualtions, amend- ments and statements issued dur- ing the life of the Office of Price | Administration. Then Hitler would | be made to explain in “plain lan- | guage” what he had read, in a. day-to-day report for the remain- | der of his life. Entries in the news- paper’s contest have been received | from 30 states, Canada and Nova



North African Hut City Cares for Survivors of Sinkings.

WASHINGTON, Jan. 15-(AP).— A city of Quonset huts on a. North African shore’ has become an American ship.

It is a receiving center for sur- vivors of craft sunk in action and new, Navy men, just arriving from the United States; and because of its duties bears the official desig- nation, “Receiving Ship.” The “ship” has a regular company of 18 officers and 169 men, but has

LONDON, Jan. 16 (Sunday) (AP).—The Royal Air Force shat- tered industrial Brunswick in Cen- tral Germany Friday night with 2000 long tons (2240 American | tons) of bombs dropped in 23 | minutes, and last night returned | to the Continent to keep its offen- | sive rolling with attacks on North- ern’ France.

Coastal observers saw search-| lights operating in the Calais | area and heard rumbles across the | channel early this morning after the planes went over. |

The Brunswick raid, aided by Mosquito feints on Berlin and) Magdeburg, set a record bomb | concentration of 87 tons (97 Amer-| ecan tons) per minute.

The big bombers battled through skies aglow with Nazi fighters’ flares and rocket:shells to ham-| mer the city—one of five prime) targets of the massive American) raids on Tuesday—which produces | Messerschmitts, artillery, motor-| cycles, tractors and railway equip- ment.

On the basis of the bomb ton- nage, it was estimated that the force striking Brunswick alone numbered between 600 and 700 four-engined planes and that a to- tal of approximately 1000 bombers was out during the. night.

French Coast Attacked.

Relays of R.A.F. fighter-bomb- ers and fighters continuéd attacks on the so-called “rocket-gun coast” of France on a smaller scale yes- terday afternoon. |

Guns along the Thames River |

provided. quarters for as Many 4s | 1700 men at one time,

Continued. on Page 7, Column 4.



General Expressed Desire in De-|

_clining to Run for Public Office in Louisiana.

Scientist Offers Proof Magnetism Has Motion as Well as Direction

town of Kerch. The broadcast said “strong forces” made the landing and succeeded in estab- lishing communications with Rus- sian troops already in the area. Gen, Constantine Rokossovsky's forces, pushing west and north-

'west from captured Kalinkovichi

‘Mosquitoes Make Diver-

and Mozyr, fought their way for- ward through the Pripet Marshes, “inflicting enormous losses on the enemy without giving him «a chance to reorganize hig forces,” said the Moscow midnight broad- cast communique recorded by the Soviet monitor.

| The Russians were last report-

ed at Skrigalov, 20 miles west of

'Kalinkovichi and 115 miles east

of Pinsk,

The communique did not iden- tify the localities won in the new advance, but said that in the fight- ing 1500 Germans were killed and 16 tanks and guns destroyed, One entire column of Germans was completely routed by Soviet caval- rymen. Twenty-eight guns, three military stores, 40 railroad cars, 200 cars and other war material were captured.

Russian airmen patrolling the frozen marsh area destroyed an armored train with direct bomb

hits, German Attacks.

Far to the south, where Gen, Nikolai Vatutin’s left wing has been beating back repeated Ger- man thrusts since Jan. 12, the Germans continued their attacks in a dogged effort to bar the Rus- sians from gaining the Odessa- Lwow railway—the main German communications line feeding Nazi forces in the Dnieper Bend.

The fighting was located ag east of Vinnitsa and for the first time as “north of Uman” by the Russians who said the Germans were using large forces of infantry and tanks. Uman is 85 miles south- east of Vinnitsa.

“Despite their enormous losses the Hitlerites moved forward, try- ing at all costs to make a breach in our defense,” the communique said. “Having put up a continu-

Continued on Page 2, Column 3.

Today’s War News

MOSCOW Germans réport strong new Soviet offensive on northern front in sectors west of Leningrad, north of Lake Ilmen and north of Nevel, but Russian communique makes no mention of drive, reporting only continued Russian progress west of Kalin- kovichi in Pripet Marshes and re-

NEW YORK, Jan. 15 (AP).—,in a new £ra in technology based pulse of German counterattacks in

Prof. Felix Ehrenhaft, physicist, said today he had con-| ducted experiments which indi-|

scientists said, This would mean, they added, that for every electri-|

BATON ROUGE, La., Jan. 15\ cate the existence of pure mag-/cal machine now in existence we

(AP).—Gen. Claire Chennault said | he would rather be a Louisiana game warden than Governor or United States Senator—. and he

t his wish, the Governor’s of- ice announced today.

Asked in a letter from Ben Chase of Waterproof, La., the General's home town, if he would consider running for governor or senator, Chennault, an enthusias- tic hunter, answered that the only office to which he aspired was that of game warden.

The State Department of Con- servation has mailed to Chung- king a commission and badge making the general a full-fledged


netic current—a force which |

‘might double the possibilities for |

building machines.

Ehrenhaft, who fled from the Nazis after the occupation of Aus-| tria, presented the results of his experiments at a meeting of the American Physical Society at Co-| lumbia University. |

Fellow scientists who attended the meeting said that Ehrenhaft’s | discovery, if it is corroborated by other physicists, would mark a/| revolution in modern science com-| parable to the discovery of the principle of the dynamo by Mich-| ael Faraday 113 years ago.

As Faraday’s discovery ushered in the age of electricity, so Ehren- findings would usher '

a | Ehre

tors immedia bring availability statement. Electric Mfg. Co., 417. N. B’ dway.. (Adv.).

i would be able to build a supple-| mental machine utilizing magnetic | instead of electric current.

Until now the concept of elec-| tro-magnetism has been based on. the belief, formulated originally | by Periginus about 700 years ago,

| quitoes make diversionary raids on Berlin and Magdeburg;

Vienna|on currents of magnetism, the | Ukraine,

LONDON—R. A. F. heavy bomber force drops 2240 tons of bombs on German industrial city of Brunswick while lighter Mos-

33 British planes lost,


giers—French troops take three

that-magnetism has direction but heights and pierce German de- no motion and that only electricity |fenses of Cassino to a depth of n

move, nhaft said his experiments prove for the first time that there exist single magnetic charges, either north or south, and that magnetism flows just as does elec- | tricity,

Interesting work, excellent or advancement——-Emerson Needs Female | ypist-Clerks and Comptometer Opera- |

tely. The Emerson

vance on Mt. Trocchio; bombers attack

| two miles; American troops ad-

Allied Nazi airfield in Yugoslavia.


QUARTERS, New Guinea.—Aus- tralians reach outskirts of Sio opportunity’ Mission, Huon peninsula; fighting intensi- Experience preferred. | fied in New Britain, where U. S& Marines are attacking up Hill 660.

last Japanese base on


By taal


JANUARY 16, 1944





Three, Heights Taken in

Advance on German Flank in Western Italy

_ —Counterattacks Beat- en Off. '


ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Al- giers, Jan. 15 (AP),.--French forces making a comeback on the battle- ‘fields of Europe, have fought for- ward at least two miles into the left flank of the German fortifica- tions in Italy guarding Cassino, capturing Acquafondata and three ‘high points near it, Allied head- quarters announced today.

The hamlet of Acquafondata is seven ‘miles northeast of Cassino. American troops are less than four “miles southwest of Cassino.

Attacking incessantly in their Apennine offensive, the French have in the last three days ad- vanced from two to five miles against stiff opposition and over some of the roughest country in Europe and have captured 250 prisoners,

A strong buttress for the Amer- fean right flank had been formed by the success of the French un- der Gen. Alphonse Juin. Beating off five furious counterattacks, these troops have spread out through German hill positions. The Fifteenth Army Group reported late today that Viticuso, just south of Acquafondata, had been by- passed by the French, but it was not known whether the village ac- tually was occupied.

Allied aviation attacked enemy supply dumps and communications ahead of the Fifth Army and in- stallations in Yugoslavia, Ameri- can Fortresses and Liberators with fighter escort made a heavy at- tack on the Mostar airfield and


ST.LOUIS POST-DISPATCH alsey Visits His Mother

ea e. xo SB *5 an Y, es



Fighting Delaying Ac- tion Against Australi- ans, Now in Outskirts of Sio Mission.

By OLEN CLEMENTS. ADVANCED ALLIED HEAD- QUARTBRS, New Guinea, Jan. 16 (Sunday) (AP).—Japanese de-

‘fenders of Sio Mission, last ene-

my base on northeast New

1 |Guinea's Huon Peninsula, appar-

ently are pulling out as best they

can before the onslaught by Aus- tralian jungle

veterans, Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s communique

| indicated today.

Latest reports, covering fighting through Friday, placed the Allied forces at the outskirts of Sio, and

: ss a. } a MacArthur's spokesman indicated kee the enemy was fighting a rear- guard, delaying action.

—Associated Press W ADM. WILLIAM F. HALSEY, South Pacific naval com- mander, telling his méther, MRS. ANN MASTERS BREW- STER HALSEY (right) of the progress of the war against the Japanese during a visit by the Admiral and his wife

(center) to the family home at Centerville, Del., yesterday: .





_ Continued From Page One.

: ous curtain of fire cur troops with- Pvt. Vernon: Parentin, Two

ae the enemy’s pressure and

ee .. orced him to retreat to his origi-

Other Missourians on s List of 65.

nal positions.”

Then the Germans attacked again but ,once more failed to make headway. One group of enemy tanks which had broken through to a populated place was destroyed and during the day 70 German tanks were wrecked as well as 11 self-propelled guns and 16 armored troop carriers.

Guerrillas in the Rovno region of old Poland were aiding Vatu-

AN AMERICAN AIR BASE IN NORTHEAST INDIA, Dec. 23 (By Mail) (AP).—So many crews of American transport and battle planes, most of them flying along the air transport route into China, have been rescued from the north Burma jungies that they now are

The Japanese, trapped, between the Australians and the American

invasion forces at Saidor to the northwest, are trying to escape by barges moving up the coast at night. Indications are that no determined enemy stand will be made until the outer defenses of Madang, 100 miles farther up the coast, are reached, : New Britain Fighting. alleling the drive against Sio is the American Marines’ struggle to take Hill 660 on the western tip of New Britain,

Marines, who landed with the invasion force at Cape Gloucester Dec. 26, atarted the assault of Hill 660 last Tuesday, and today’s :com- munique said that fighting was “intensified.”

The Japanese have built up a powerful network of pillboxes and mortar positions around the crest of the hill. Marines scrambling up the steep slopes are facing the “worst fighting in the world— worse than Guadalcanal,” accord- ing to one Guadalcanal veteran.

If the marines gain control of


Who, Other Flyers Say, Got 6 Nazis


St. Louisan Has Two Confirmed, Two Prob- ables and Two Damaged—Texan Other ‘Candidate’ for Hero’s Role.

Reds May Insist on Cab. By HENRY B. JAMESON |

inet Shakeup Before’ A v. 8S. FIGHTER BASE IN

; BRITAIN, Jan. 15 (AP).—The Agreeing to’ Enter

identity of one of the heroes of Tuesday's epic American raid over Boundary Parley.

Central Germany—the Mustang pilot who waded alone into a formation of 30 German fighters —apparently has narrowed today to Maj. James H. Howard of St. Louis and Lt. Jack E, Breadley of Brownwood, Tex. '

Air force officials were still checking on the performance of the lone pilot who plowed into the enemy formation in a screaming dive and shot down possibly six of them in what the bomber crews described as an amazing exhibi- tion of courage,

The tracing of the pilot—who Is being boosted for a Congressional Medal of Honor by other flyers of the Eighth Air Force—has been made difficult. by the modest re-

By JUDSON O’QUINN LONDON, Jan. 15 (AP).—A S-- viet reply ‘to Polish overtures to-| ward negotiations for a complete) settlement of differences between | Poland and Ruasia is expected | within a short time because the speed with which the Red Army continued to push westward lends urgency to the question of Rus- sian-Polish relations. The Polish proposal for exam- ination of all: outstanding ques-

“I slipped in under two FW-190s |

who were preparing to attack the | bomber formation,” he said. “As | [ closed in from 7 o'clock I opened up and must have hit one in the gas tank, for as I passed over him he blew up, throwing my ship up on the tail of his mate. I hit the second FW-190 in the engine and he burst into flame, rolling over on his back.”

For 20 minutes the crews of an entire formation of Flying For- | tresses watched in amazement “the greatest exhibition of guts and skill” they ever witnessed in an aerial battle when the unknown) airman plowed into the enemy,

Covered Squadron Alone, |

“Singlehanded againat those ter- | ritic odds he covered our forma-_| tion all by himeslf,” said Maj. | Allison Brooks cf Pasadena, Cal., | leader of the formation the lone. fighter was covering.

“He was over us, across the for-

Maj. Howard May Be P-51 Pilot PATISANS GAIN.


Yugoslav Forces, How. ever, Admit Setbacks in Fighting Near Sara- jevo, Banjaluka.


LONDON, Jan. 15 (AP).—The Yugoslav Partisans of Marshal

Josip (Tito) Broz, driving south ‘toward base of Fiume, were reported mak- f headway today in that stra-

the German-held naval

tewic battle zone, while farther south swift-atriking German mot- orized columna drove within 45 miles of Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia, Sarajevo ia held by the Germans, but the Partisans oc- cupy strategic approaches to that region.

Today's Partisan communique

tions with British and American

mediation was already under study at the Kremlin, and affirmative answers appeared to hinge on whether Moscow would agree to deal with the Government-in-ex- ile it has previously criticised. The Russians might insist on the London Cabinet taking in rep- resentatives of the Moscow-spon-| sored Union of Polish Patriots. | Moscow is also known to frown on | Gen. Kasimierz Sosnkowski, com- mander of the Polish Army. Anti-Conciliation Faction, | Whether the Poles, who feel. they uiready have |

made major | concessions by offering to ‘nego-| tiate for a big slicerof